European union


The Dutch parliamen (lower house – Tweede kamer der Staten-Generaal)
Chaiperson: Frans Weisglas
Members: 150

Parliamentary groupChristian Democratic Appeal
Information for the partyThe Christen-Democratisch Appèl (CDA, "Christian Democratic Appeal") is a political party of the Netherlands that was established in 1980. The CDA is a fusion of three Christian democratic parties: the Reformed Christelijk-Historische Unie (CHU), the Protestant Anti-Revolutionaire Partij (ARP) and the Catholic Katholieke Volkspartij (KVP), which were also known as the "three large confessional parties".
Following the elections of May 15, 2002 the party had the largest faction in the lower house and led the formation of a new coalition and the cabinet Balkenende-1. After only 86 days in office the cabinet fell and early elections were called. The CDA remained the largest party and Jan Peter Balkenende formed a new, his second, cabinet. In 2004 the CDA is the largest Dutch political party at municipal, provincial, national and European levels of government.

Parliamentary groupLabour Party
Information for the partyThe Partij van de Arbeid (PvdA), or "Labour Party", is a social democratic political party in the Netherlands. The PvdA was formed on February 9, 1946, as a merger of three parties: the social-democrat SDAP, and the marginal left-liberal VDB and equally marginal social-protestant CDU. The PvdA has been one of the major parties in the Netherlands ever since.
The 2002 elections saw a big loss for the PvdA, which obtained only 23 seats in the Tweede Kamer, the lowest number since the party was established.
In the 2003 elections, the new political leader Wouter Bos managed to regain almost all seats lost in the previous election, and the PvdA was once again the second-largest party of the Netherlands, only slightly smaller than the CDA.

Parliamentary groupPeople's Party for Freedom and Democracy
Information for the partyThe Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie (VVD), literally 'People's Party for Freedom and Democracy, is a free market liberal party in the Netherlands. It is currently the third largest political party in the Netherlands in popular vote.The party was founded on January 24, 1948, following in the tradition of the liberal parties Liberale Staatspartij (LSP) and Partij van de Vrijheid (PvdV).
The current coalition (CDA, VVD and D66, now lead with a majority of two seats in the parliament.

Parliamentary groupList Pim Fortuyn
Information for the partyLijst Pim Fortuyn (List Pim Fortuyn) is a political party in the Netherlands. Pim Fortuyn began organising the party on February 11, 2002, the day after he had been dismissed as lijsttrekker (head of the list of candidates) by the Leefbaar Nederland party. The new party would have allowed him to take part in the May 15 parliamentary elections. Fortuyn was a strong debater. He was a sharp critic of the government of the day.
The party's main political issues were:
- Tougher action against immigrants who did not assimilate into Dutch culture
- Stronger measures to fight crime
- Less bureaucracy in government
- Reduction of teacher shortages in schools
- Shortening of waiting lists for hospital treatment
Pim Fortuyn was murdered in 2003. Mat Herben led the party to the elections of January 22 2003.

Parliamentary groupSocialist Party
Information for the partyThe Socialist Party (Dutch: Socialistische Partij) is a socialist party in the Netherlands. It was founded in 1972 as a Maoist party (named KPN/ML, Communist Party of the Netherlands/Marxist-Leninist) but in 1991 formally abandoned Marxism-Leninism (in practice, it had already abandoned Marxist dogma long before). In 1994 it got its first members of parliament and in 1999 it had one member elected to the European Parliament, with another one in 2004. It is now the fourth largest political party in the Netherlands, counted by parliamentary seats or party members. The party's leader is Jan Marijnissen.
The Socialist Party's MEPs sits in the European United Left - Nordic Green Left group.

Parliamentary groupGreenLeft
Information for the partyGroenLinks (GL, GreenLeft) is a political party in the Netherlands. The party represents a number of social ideas, found in the various groups among the ranks of the party: socialism and pacifism (hence, Left); the party emphasizes the conservation of nature and the environment (hence, Green). The link with its socialist roots were also weakened as the party gradually moved closer to the centre of the political spectre; in 2004, party leader Femke Halsema announced she saw her own party as a leftist liberal party, stressing multiculturalism as a core value.
GroenLinks is a founding member of the European Federation of Green Parties. In May, 2004, the party has four representatives in the European Parliament. They are part of the fraction Greens/EFA.
After the 2004 European Parliament elections, the number of GL representatives is down to two.The reduction is partly due to the reduced number of seats available to all representatives from The Netherlands, and partly due to a slight decrease in percentage of votes.

Parliamentary groupDemocraten 66
Information for the partyDemocraten 66 (D66), is a social liberal party in the Netherlands.
It was founded on October 14, 1966 as D'66 by 44 people, 25 of whom had been active in other parties. The initiators were Hans van Mierlo, a journalist of the Algemeen Handelsblad who became the party leader, and Hans Gruijters.
In the 2002 elections with lijsttrekker Thom de Graaf (also faction chairperson) the number of its seats was reduced from 14 to 7 and it returned to the opposition. In 2003 D66 dropped further to 6 seats. Thom de Graaf decided to not stay party leader, but did remain as a 'normal' member of parliament. He has been succeeded by Boris Dittrich.
With its policies and ideas D66 is a continuation of the Vrijzinnig Democratische Bond (Freethinking Democratic League). Some D66 members prefer to label themselves as freethinking democrats. D66 is a member of the Liberal International and of the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR).

Parliamentary groupChristians Union
Information for the partyThe ChristenUnie (Christians Union) is a relatively young political party in the Netherlands. It combines a conservative point of view on social issues (such as abortion, euthanasia and gay marriage) with more social democratic ideas on economic and environmental issues. The fifth-largest party in the Netherlands, it has 27,000 members. The political leader of the party is Andre Rouvoet

Parliamentary groupPolitically Reformed Party
Information for the partyThe Staatkundig Gereformeerde Partij (SGP, literally "Politically Reformed Party") is a Dutch political party following the conservative Christian principles, in the tradition of the Dutch Reformed Church. It has been represented in the lower house of parliament (Tweede Kamer) continuously since 1922, but (at least since 1956) with only two or three of the 150 seats. The party was founded in 1918 out of dissatisfaction with the existing Christian political parties. The parliamentary faction cooperates in various areas with the ChristenUnie. The two parties together are often grouped as the "small right" (klein rechts).

Parliamentary groupGroep Lazrak
Information for the partyGroep Lazrak - Split off from the SP

Parliamentary groupGroep Wilders
Information for the partyGroep Wilders - Split off from the VVD

Parliamentary groupIndependent
Information for the partyOnly in the Senate.

Холандският сенат (горна камара - Eerste Kamer der Staten-Generaal)
faction: 150
Chaiperson: Yvonne E.M.A Timmerman-Buck

factionChristian Democratic Appeal
factionLabour Party
factionPeople's Party for Freedom and Democracy
factionList Pim Fortuyn
factionSocialist Party
factionDemocraten 66
factionChristians Union
factionPolitically Reformed Party
factionGroep Lazrak
factionGroep Wilders