European union


The Spanish parliament (Congreso de los Dipotados lower house)
Chaiperson: Manuel Marín González
Members: 350

Parliamentary groupSpanish Socialist Workers' Party
Information for the partyThe Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español or PSOE) is one of the main parties of Spain. It is a social democratic party, a member of the Socialist International.
In 2001, a new general secretary, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, was elected, replacing Felipe González, and renewing the party.
In 2004, the PSOE won the Spanish legislative elections with almost 43% of the votes, following the 11-M terrorist attacks, and the elections to the European Parliament.
PSOE calls for Yes to the European Constitution proposal in the referenda to be held in 2005.

Parliamentary groupPeople's Party
Information for the partyThe People's Party (Spanish: Partido Popular) is a large liberal-conservative political party in Spain.
It was the governing party from 1996 to 2004, led by Prime Minister (Presidente del Gobierno) José María Aznar. In August 2003, Mariano Rajoy was named Aznar's successor and was the party's candidate for the prime ministership in the Spanish general election, 2004.
The PP lost the 2004 election to the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE). The election fell under the shadow of the March 11, 2004 Madrid attacks which had happened just three days before. It is speculated that the Government intention of manipulate the information about the terrorist bombing may have been responsible for the PP's upset. Prime Minister Aznar was a prominent supporter of the 2003 Iraq war; Spain's support was thought to be the motive for the attack
The PP is the largest minority party in the Congress of Deputies, with 147 out of 350 deputies, and is only 4 seats short of a majority in the Senate, with 126 out of 259 senators.
In the European Parliament it sits with the European People's Party and has 24 MEPs.

Information for the partyOnly in the Senate

Parliamentary groupConvergence and Unity
Information for the partyConvergence and Unity (Convergència i Unió, CiU) is a political party in Catalonia, Spain.
It is a coalition consisting of Convergència Democràtica de Catalunya and Unió Democràtica de Catalunya. It is seen as conservative nationalist.
It was led by Jordi Pujol until the November 2003 Catalan elections. The current leader is Artur Mas.

Parliamentary groupRepublican Left of Catalonia
Information for the partyThe Republican Left of Catalonia (Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya, ERC) is a left-of-centre political party that campaigns for independence for Catalonia from Spain.
Its basic political principles are defined in the Statement of Ideology approved at the 19th National Congress in 1993. This is organized into the three areas that give the organization its name: Esquerra (commitment to social issues), República (commitment to the community) and Catalunya (commitment to the nation).
Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya has (2003) 23 seats (3rd group by seats) in the Catalan Parliament in Barcelona, and is now one of the three coalition members of the Catalan Government. It has 8 seats (4th group by seats) in the Spanish Parliament in Madrid (2004).
Its current secretary-general is Josep-Lluís Carod-Rovira.

Parliamentary groupBasque Nationalist Party
Information for the partyThe Basque Nationalist Party is a political party in the Basque region of Spain. In Basque it is called Eusko Alderdi Jeltzalea (EAJ) and in Spanish it is called the Partido Nacionalista Vasco (PNV). In Spain it is commonly referred to as EAJ-PNV. The French branch is the Parti Nationaliste Basque. The party has also offices among the Basque diaspora, mainly Venezuela, Argentina, Mexico, Uruguay, Chile and the United States.
The party was founded in 1895 by Sabino de Arana y Goiri as a Catholic separatist party for the restoration of self-government. Currently, it describes itself as Basque, democratic, participatory, plural, non-confessional and humanist. It is a moderate nationalist party which favors greater autonomy for the Basque region but opposes violence.
In its beginnings, the party established required its members to prove Basque ancestry by having a minimum number of Basque surnames.
It was a founder part of the Christian Democrat International. Now the party has joined the recently formed European Democratic Party, with the French Union pour la Démocratie Française, the former European officer Romano Prodi and other parties.
PNV is calling to vote Yes to the European Constitution proposal in the referenda to be held in Spain and France in 2005.

Parliamentary groupInitiative for Catalonia - Greens
Information for the partyInitiative for Catalonia - Greens (Iniciativa per Catalunya - Verds, ICV) is a political party in Catalonia, Spain. It was formed as a merger of Iniciativa per Catalunya and Els Verds. IC had been an alliance led by Partit Socialista Unificat de Catalunya and was the referent of Izquierda Unida in Catalonia. IC later developed into a political party, and PSUC was dissolved.
In the elections to the European Parliament in 2004 ICV ran on the Izquierda Unida list. One MEP, Raül Romeva, was elected from ICV which joined the European Free Alliance/Green.

Parliamentary groupCanarian Coalition
Information for the partyThe Canarian Coalition (Spanish: Coalición Canaria) is a liberal party in the Canary Isles of Spain. In the Cortes Generales, it has 4 deputies, and 5 senators, making it the largest Canarian party. It usually negotiates with the plurality party at the Cortes to form a majority in exchange of resources for the islands.

Parliamentary groupindependent
Information for the partyOnly in the Senate.

The Spanish Senat (El Senado de Espana)
faction: 350
Chaiperson: Francisco Javier Rojo García

factionSpanish Socialist Workers' Party
factionPeople's Party
factionConvergence and Unity
factionRepublican Left of Catalonia
factionBasque Nationalist Party
factionInitiative for Catalonia - Greens
factionCanarian Coalition