European union

United Kingdom:

The United Kingdom parliament (House of commons – lower house)
Chaiperson: -
Members: 645

Parliamentary groupLabour Party
Information for the partyThe Labour Party is a centre-left or social democratic political party in Britain and one of the United Kingdom's three main political parties. Under its leader Tony Blair it won a landslide in the 1997 general election, and formed its first government since 1979. It retained its position in the 2001 general election.
There has been a decline in the party's popularity since 2001, although it is frequently still the most popular party. Labour in local government appears to be less popular than Labour in national government, as an extensive opinion poll on the day of the 2004 local elections found.
The European Parliamentary elections of 2004 also saw a poor performance by the party; however, the performance of the main opposition Conservative Party has been lackluster and has led to a widespread assumption that it is not in a position realistically to challenge for government in the general election expected in May 2005.
The Labour Party is a member of the Socialist International and the Party of European Socialists.

Parliamentary groupConservative Party
Information for the partyThe Conservative Party is the largest centre right political party in the United Kingdom. It is descended from the Tory Party and its members are still commonly referred to as Tories. It votes with the European People's Party bloc in the European Parliament.
Its current leader is Michael Howard, who as Leader of the Opposition heads the Shadow Cabinet.
The Conservatives were the governing party in the United Kingdom on many occasions from 1834 until 1997. Since losing the 1997 election to the Labour Party under Tony Blair, they have been in opposition.
The current formal name, registered with the UK Electoral Commission but rarely used outside of Scotland and Northern Ireland, is The Conservative and Unionist Party. The formal name is a vestige from the 1912 merger with the Liberal Unionist Party, and an echo of the party's defence (1886-1921) of the Union of Great Britain and Ireland and subsequent insistence on British sovereignty in Northern Ireland in opposition to Irish nationalist and republican aspirations.
The electoral symbol of the Conservative party is a hand holding a torch.

Parliamentary groupLiberal Democrats
Information for the partyThe Liberal Democrats ("Lib Dems") are a social liberal political party based in the United Kingdom. The party was formed in 1988 by the merger of the Liberal Party and the short lived Social Democratic Party (the two parties had already been in an alliance for some years).
The party is led by Charles Kennedy. It is currently the third-largest party in the UK Parliament, behind Labour and the Conservatives, and currently has 55 members of Parliament, the most a third party has had since the 1930s.
In most elections, the Liberal Democrats (or their precursor Alliance) have gained between 15% and 25% of the national vote.
The Liberal Democrats (and the precursor Liberal party) have traditionally been seen as the centrist party of British politics. However, with Tony Blair's repositioning of Labour towards the centre, many now view the Lib Dems as being the most left-wing of Britain's mainstream parties and classify the Lib Dems as centre left.
However, attempting to place the Liberal Democrats within the 'left wing'-'right wing' model does not accurately represent their ideology. Liberalism claims to oppose undemocratic power in any form. When they oppose the power of the trade unions, they are seen as right wing. When they oppose the power of the corporations, they are seen as left wing. But neither term accurately represents the Lib Dems' ideology.

Parliamentary groupPlaid Cymru
Information for the partyPlaid Cymru (literally meaning, "Party of Wales") is a left-of-centre Welsh nationalist party. The name was used from the late 1920s until it was formally changed to Plaid Cymru - The Party of Wales in the late 1990s. In Wales, the party is often known as simply Plaid.
The party was founded on 5 August 1925 by members of Byddin Ymreolwyr Cymru, a nationalist party of north Wales and Y Mudiad Cymreig, an underground nationalist movement of south Wales as Plaid Genedlaethol Cymru ("National Party of Wales"), but soon changed to the more familiar name.
Plaid retains close links with the Scottish National Party, with both parties' MPs co-operating closely with one another.
Political commentators believed the party performed poorly in the 2004 elections. It lost one of its members of the European Parliament (mainly due to a reduction in number of available seats), and lost control of two councils in south Wales to Labour.

Parliamentary groupDemocratic Unionist
Information for the partyThe Democratic Unionist Party is a hard-line Unionist party in Northern Ireland led by Ian Paisley. It is the largest unionist party at both the Northern Ireland Assembly level and in the Westminster Parliament.
Established in the 1970s by Ian Paisley, it evolved from the Protestant Unionist Party. It does not have any Catholic members, unlike the smaller Ulster Unionist Party. It soon won seats at local council, province, national and European level; Paisley was elected one of Northern Ireland's three European Parliament members (MEPs) at the first elections in 1979 and retained that seat in every European election until 2004, receiving the highest percentage popular vote of any Northern Ireland, Republic of Ireland or Great Britain MEP and one of the highest anywhere in Europe. In 2004 Paisley was replaced as the DUP MEP by Jim Allister.
The DUP also holds seats in the British House of Commons and has been elected to each of the Northern Ireland conventions and assemblies set up since the party's creation. It has long been the major rival to the other major unionist party, the Ulster Unionist Party (known for a time in the 1970s and 1980s as the Official Unionist Party (OUP) to distinguish it from the then multitude of other unionist partes, some set up by deposed former leaders).
In the delayed Northern Ireland Assembly election of 2003 the DUP became the largest political party with 30 seats. In 2004 it became the largest Northern Ireland party in the Parliament of the United Kingdom, with the defection of Jeffrey Donaldson. On December 12, 2004, English MP Andrew Hunter took the DUP whip, giving the party 7 seats, in comparison to the UUP's 5, Sinn Fein's 4, and the SDLP's 3.

Parliamentary groupScottish National Party
Information for the partyIn Scotland, the Scottish National Party (SNP) is a centre-left political party who favours Scottish independence.

Parliamentary groupSinn Féin
Information for the partySinn Féin (shĭn fān) [Irish,=we, ourselves], Irish nationalist movement. It had its roots in the Irish cultural revival at the end of the 19th cent. and the growing nationalist disenchantment with the constitutional Home Rule movement. The founder (1900) was Arthur Griffith, who in 1899 established the first of the patriotic journals, The United Irishman, in which he advocated complete national self-reliance. The movement was not, at first, an overtly political one, nor did it advocate violence. Its method was, rather, one of passive resistance to all things English and included an attempted revival of Irish Gaelic.
In late 1994, after the IRA and Protestant militias agreed to a cease-fire, efforts were begun to negotiate a settlement of the Northern Ireland issue. However, the peace process was put in jeopardy by renewed violence on the part of the IRA in 1996. Because of this, negotiations begun in June, 1996, did not include Sinn Féin. Following a renewed cease-fire in July, 1997, the group participated in peace talks begun in September of that year.
In 1998, agreement was reached concerning political restructuring in the province that would allow Protestants and Catholics to govern jointly in a democratically elected assembly. Members of Sinn Féin were elected to the assembly and participated in the province's government, but moderate Protestant leaders insisted on IRA disarmament (finally begun in Oct., 2001) as a condition for Sinn Féin's long-term participation in a broad-based government. In 2002 the arrest of party members on charges of spying for the IRA led Protestants to call for Sinn Féin's ouster from the government, and home rule was suspended. Elections in Nov., 2003, made Sinn Féin the largest Irish nationalist party in the assembly.

Parliamentary groupSocial Democratic and Labour Party
Information for the partyThe Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP — Irish: Páirtí Sóisialta Daonlathach an Lucht Oibre) is the smaller of the two major nationalist parties in Northern Ireland. The party was founded in the early 1970s. It was formed by former members of the Republican Labour Party The SDLP is also a social democratic party, and is affiliated to the Socialist International. It is a member of the Party of European Socialists.

Parliamentary groupRespect
Information for the partyThe “Respect” party is a radical leftwing party in Great Britain.

Parliamentary groupUlster Unionist Party
Information for the partyThe Ulster Unionist Party (UUP, sometimes referred to as the Official Unionist Party or OUP) is a political party in Northern Ireland representing the unionist community, and was the party of government in Northern Ireland between 1921 and 1972. Until 2003 it was the largest unionist party, and the largest party, but it has been overtaken in both ways by the Democratic Unionist Party.

Parliamentary groupIndependent
Information for the party

Parliamentary groupBishops
Information for the partyOnly in the Senate.

Parliamentary groupOthers
Information for the partyOnly in the Senate.

The House of the Lords
faction: 645
Chaiperson: -

factionLabour Party
factionConservative Party
factionLiberal Democrats
factionPlaid Cymru
factionDemocratic Unionist
factionScottish National Party
factionSinn Féin
factionSocial Democratic and Labour Party
factionUlster Unionist Party