European union


National Assembly
Chaiperson: Georgi Pirinski
Members: 240

Parliamentary groupCoalition for Bulgaria
Information for the partyThe Bulgarian Socialist Party (Bulgarian: Bălgarska Socialističeska Partija or Българска социалистическа партия) (BSP or БСП) is a political party in Bulgaria and successor to the Bulgarian Communist Party. It was formed in 1990 in post-communist Bulgaria, following the decision of the Bulgarian Communist Party to abandon Marxism-Leninism. The BSP is a member of the Socialist International and is led by Sergey Stanishev. The party has its powerbase in the traditionally socialist rural areas.
In the 2001 parliamentary elections it was part of the Coalition for Bulgaria alliance which picked up 48 of 240 seats in the National Assembly (Narodno Sabranie), having attracted 17.1% of the popular vote. The current Bulgarian president, Georgi Parvanov, is a member and former chairman of the party. At the last legislative elections, held on 25 June 2005 the Coalition won 33.98% of the popular vote and 82 out of 240 seats.

Parliamentary groupNational Movement Simeon II
Information for the partyThe National Movement Simeon II (Bulgarian: Национално движение Симеон Втори or Nacionalno Dviženie Simeon Vtori) is a political party in Bulgaria, the vehicle of Simeon Borisov Sakskoburggotski, the deposed Tsar of Bulgaria and former Prime Minister. It was founded in 2000 by Stoyan Ganev, former president of The Forty-Seventh Session Of The General Assembly in The United Nations. The movement won 42.7% of the popular vote and 120 out of 240 seats in the 2001 elections. It formed a coalition government with the Movement for Rights and Freedoms. It has developed into a liberal party which became a full member of the Liberal International at its Sofia Congress in May 2005. At the last legislative elections on June 25, 2005, it received 21.83% of the popular vote and 53 out of 240 seats, a significant decrease.

Parliamentary groupMovements for Rights and Freedoms
Information for the partyThe Movement for Rights and Freedoms (Bulgarian: Движение за права и свободи; Turkish: Hak ve Özgürlükler Hareketi) is a centrist political party in Bulgaria, based in the Turkish minority. The MRF is a member of the Liberal International and considers itself a liberal party.
Started out as an underground organization in the 1980s as a response to Todor Zhivkov's policy of Bulgarization of the Turkish minority in the country. Since 1990, an officially recognized political party.
It has been chaired by Ahmed Doğan since its official establishment in 1990.
The Movement for Rights and Freedoms won in the 2001 elections 7.5% of the popular vote and 21 out of 240 seats. It subsequently joined the government led by former Bulgarian king Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha of the National Movement Simeon II.
At the last legislative elections, 25 June 2005, it increased to 13.7% of the popular vote and 33 out of 240 seats.

Parliamentary groupUDF (United Democratic Forces)
Information for the partyThe United Democratic Forces is a coalition of center-right political formation, among which the main right party of the Bulgarian transition Union of Democratic Forces.
The Union of Democratic Forces (Bulgarian: Съюз на демократичните сили or Saiuz na demokratichnite sili) is a political party in Bulgaria, founded in December 1989, as a union of eleven political organizations in opposition to the Communist government. The following year, six more parties were incorporated, and in February 1997, the Union was transformed into a single unified party, the United Democratic Forces, by then-chairman and Prime Minister-to-be Ivan Kostov. The UDF is a member of the European People's Party.
The dissident groups that formed under the faltering regime of Todor Zhivkov in the late 1980s were the basis for the Union. Once Zhivkov fell, a loose political confederation was envisioned where constituent groups could continue to work for their own cause, while the coordinating council would include three members from each organization. Longtime dissident philosopher Zhelyu Zhelev, who would later become Bulgaria's President, was elected chairman, and Petar Beron, a well-known environmental scientist, was chosen as secretary.
The UDF lost the 1990 elections to the Bulgarian Socialist Party (reformed Communist) but still participated in the joint cabinet of Dimitar Iliev Popov (December 1990 - November 1991). Later the UDF formed its own cabinet with Prime Minister Filip Dimitrov in November 1991, though the cabinet lasted only a little over a year when the government failed a motion of confidence in September 1992. The socialists, together with the Movement for Rights and Freedoms, formed a coalition government headed by Prof. Lyuben Berov and then BSP went on to win the 1995 elections.
However, following discontent over economic problems, Prime Minister Zhan Videnov resigned at the end of 1996, clearing the way for new elections, this time won by the UDF with a crushing 55% vote. Party leader Ivan Kostov went on to form the new government and successfully passed several necessary economic reforms, he was eventually rewarded in December 1999 with an invitation to begin membership talks with the European Union. But the painful reforms had their social cost, and public discontent over increased unemployment and allegations of corruption led to the UDF's defeat in the June 2001 elections, which were won by the National Movement for Simeon II. The United Democratic Forces won 18.2% of the popular vote and 51 out of 240 seats in the 2001 elections.
The UDF is currently chaired by Petar Stoyanov, former president of the country. Meanwhile, Kostov, the former Prime Minister and UDF party leader went on to form his own party - Democrats for a Strong Bulgaria. At the last legislative elections, 25 June 2005, the United Democratic Forces won 8.4% of the popular vote and 20 out of 240 seats.

Parliamentary groupDSB (Democrats for Strong Bulgaria)
Information for the partyThe Democrats for a Strong Bulgaria (Bulgarian: Демократи за силна България, Demokrati za Silna Balgarija, ДСБ, DSB) is a political party in Bulgaria established by former Bulgarian Prime Minister Ivan Kostov (1997-2001). The motto of the party is "For a Strong Bulgaria in Unified Europe".
Kostov resigned as chairman of the United Democratic Forces after a painful election defeat in June 2001 to Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha's newly established National Movement for Simeon II. The UDF had suffered heavily from allegations of corruption and increased unemployment after having carried out economic reforms during its four-year term.
With time 29 (out of 51) UDF MPs including Kostov grew increasingly dissatisfied with the new UDF leadership of chairwoman Nadezhda Mikhailova, who was the foreign minister in Kostov's own government. Following another defeat for the UDF in the 2003 local elections and after Nadezhda Mikhailova's refusal to bear the responsibility and resign, the group of 29 around Kostov announced their departure from the UDF and the formation of a new political force, the DSB.
At the last legislative elections, 25 june 2005, DSB won 7.0 % of the popular vote and 17 out of 240 seats, their support coming mainly from big cities (appr. 18 % of voters in Sofia).

Parliamentary groupBulgarian People's Union
Information for the partyThe Bulgarian People's Union (Balgarski Naroden Sajuz) is an electoral alliance(center-right) in Bulgaria. At the last legislative elections, 25 June 2005, it won 5.7 % of the popular vote and 13 out of 240 seats. The Union is formed by the Bulgarian Agrarian People's Union-People's Union (Balgarski Zemedelski Naroden Sajuz-Naroden Sajuz), the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization - Bulgarian National Movement (Vatreshna Makedonska Revolyucionna Organizaciya-Balgarsko Nacionalno Dvizhenie) and the Union of Free Democrats (Sajuz na svobodnite demokrati).

Parliamentary groupIndependent
Information for the party

Parliamentary groupAtaka Coalition
Information for the partyThe National Union Attack (Bulgarian: Национален съюз Атака, Natsionalen Sǎyuz Ataka; also translated as the Attack Coalition) is a nationalist political party in Bulgaria. At the last legislative elections, 25 June 2005, it won 9.0% of the popular vote and 21 out of 240 seats. Attack is formed by the National Movement for the Salvation of the Fatherland (Natsionalno Dvizhenie za Spasenie na Otechestvoto), the Bulgarian National Patriotic Party (Bǎlgarska Natsionalna-Patriotichna Partiya) and the Union of Patriotic Forces and Militaries of the Reserve Defense (Sǎyuz na Patriotichnite Sili i Voinite ot Zapatsa Zashtita). Led by TV host Volen Siderov, who is widely considered racist and antisemitic, the party was created just two months before the elections. The party's leaders have criticized Bulgaria's ethnic minorities for allegedly being too privileged, they have accused the entire Bulgarian political establishment of being totally corrupted, and are opposed to NATO, the Iraq War and closer ties with the USA. Although the party is not particularly against Bulgaria's European Union membership, it has strongly demanded a revision of some of the previously signed documents (like the document for shutting down the Kozloduy Nuclear Power Plant near the Danube), some of which are largely considered to be against the interests of Bulgaria. Members of Attack's group in parliament included popular political figures such as Petar Beron, Ognyan Saparev, Rumen Vodenicharov and Stella Bankova as well as a large group of generals and other military men; many of them have left the group for various reasons, mostly due to conflicts with leader Volen Siderov.

unicameral parliament
faction: 240

factionCoalition for Bulgaria
factionNational Movement Simeon II
factionMovements for Rights and Freedoms
factionUDF (United Democratic Forces)
factionDSB (Democrats for Strong Bulgaria)
factionBulgarian People's Union
factionAtaka Coalition