European union

Romania:

Camera Deputatilor
Chaiperson: Bogdan Olteanu
Members: 332


Parliamentary groupRomanian Party of Social Democracy
Deputies107
Information for the partySeparated from the National Salvation Front in 1992 as the National Democratic Salvation Front (Frontul Democrat al Salvării Naţionale, FDSN), changed its name to Romanian Party of Social Democracy (Partidul Democraţiei Sociale din România, PDSR) in 1993, absorbed the Romanian Social Democratic Party in 2001, at the same time changing its name to PSD. Despite being the largest single party in the Chamber, they are not one of the current governing parties, and are slightly outnumbered by the Justice and Truth Alliance, an electoral alliance of the National Liberals and Democrats.
www.psd.ro

Parliamentary groupNational Liberal Party
Deputies51
Information for the partyThe Partidul Naţional Liberal (National Liberal Party) is a liberal party in Romania, and the second largest party in parliament, being edged out only by the Social Democratic Party. However, it is the largest member of the governing Justice and Truth alliance, which enjoys a parliamentary majority due to an alliance between the Liberal Party, the Democratic Party, and the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania. Most of the current ministers in government are members of the National Liberal Party, including the current prime-minister, Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu, who is also the party leader.
The party is a member of Liberal International and the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party.
www.pnl.ro

Parliamentary groupDemocratic Party
Deputies50
Information for the partyThe Democratic Party (Romanian: Partidul Democrat, PD) is a centre-right (formerly social democrat) party of Romania. It is currently the smaller party of the governing Justice and Truth alliance.
PD traces its roots in the National Salvation Front (FSN), one of the first political parties to emerge after the Romanian Revolution of 1989 which ended the Communist regime. Conflicts broke out between FSN leaders Ion Iliescu and Petre Roman in early 1992, and this led to the separation of the Iliescu wing under the name of Democratic National Salvation Front (FDSN), which later became the Social Democratic Party (PSD).
FSN was defeated in the 1992 legislative election (won by FDSN by a landslide) and spent the next four years in opposition. In 1993 they changed name to Partidul Democrat. In the 1996 legislative election, PD ran jointly with the now-defunct Romanian Social Democratic Party (PSDR), under the name Uniunea Social-Democrată (USD). After having ranked third, they joined a governing coalition with the Romanian Democratic Convention (CDR) and the ethnic Hungarian party UDMR. From 2000 to 2004 PD has been again in opposition.
In advance of the 2004 elections they joined forces with the National Liberal Party to create the Justice and Truth political alliance ("Dreptate şi Adevăr"), whose main purpose was to fight the all-dominating social-democrats PSD. The alliance managed to win around 32% of the votes in both Chambers, not enough for a majority and about 6% less than PSD, but still better than initially expected.
However, due to their alliances with the National Liberal Party, and the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania, the Democratic Party is currently part of the governing coalition.
Since December 2004, the leader of PD has been Cluj-Napoca mayor and former Member of Parliament Emil Boc. Previous PD leader Traian Băsescu won the Romanian presidential election of 2004 and resigned from the party since Romanian law does not allow the President to remain a member of any political party. During the Congress of 2005, the Democratic party members voted for affiliation with the European People's Party (EPP) bloc in the European Parliament.
www.pd.ro

Parliamentary groupIndependent
Deputies34
Information for the party


Parliamentary groupGreat Romania Party
Deputies30
Information for the partyThe Greater Romania Party (Romanian: Partidul România Mare, PRM) is a Romanian political party. It is led by Corneliu Vadim Tudor. The party is sometimes referred to in English as the Great Romania Party.
It promotes strongly nationalist policies and is seen as the most right-wing of the major Romanian parties. The party's philosophy has often been characterized as xenophobic, anti-ethnic Hungarian, anti-Roma, homophobic, Antisemitic, and irredentist. PRM's rhetoric has also focused extensively on Romania's pervasive problem of high level corruption, a top concern of many average Romanians and an issue that has gained votes for the PRM, even from those who do not wholly agree with the party's strongly nationalistic ideology.
It briefly participated in government from 1993 to 1995 (in Nicolae Văcăroiu's cabinet). In 2000, Tudor received the second largest number of votes in Romania's presidential elections, partially as a result of protest votes lodged by Romanians frustrated with the fractionalization and mixed performance of the 1996-2000 Romanian Democratic Convention government. Tudor's second place position ensured he would compete in the second round run-off against former president and Romanian Social Democratic Party (PDSR) candidate Ion Iliescu, who won by a large margin. Parallels are often drawn with the situation in France two years later, when far right Front National Party leader Jean-Marie Le Pen similarly drew the second largest number of votes and was elevated, but defeated, in the presidential run-off against Jacques Chirac.
www.prm.org.ro

Parliamentary groupDemocratic Union of Hungarians in Romania
Deputies22
Information for the partyThe Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania, (also Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania; Hungarian: Romániai Magyar Demokrata Szövetség, RMDSZ; Romanian: Uniunea Democrată Maghiară din România, UDMR) is a Romanian political alliance, effectively (though not officially) a party, representing ethnic Hungarians in Romania. As of 2006, it is part of the governing coalition, along with the Justice and Truth Alliance.
Hungarian Reformed Church bishop László Tőkés was the honorary president of the party until 2003.
www.rmdsz.ro

Parliamentary groupConservative Party
Deputies19
Information for the partyThe Conservative Party of Romania (Romanian: Partidul Conservator) is a minor political party formed in 1991, after the fall of Communism, under the name of the Romanian Humanist Party (Partidul Umanist Român, PUR). From 2005 until December 3, 2006, the party was a junior member of the ruling coalition. The party took its present name, Conservative Party, on May 7, 2005.
The current Conservative Party promotes tradition, family, social solidarity, European integration, and a nationalism without chauvinism. It claims the heritage of the former historical Romanian Conservative Party, one of the two main political forces in Romania before the First World War. There is no direct, uninterrupted link between the two partiesóthe historical Conservative Party was dissolved after World War Ióbut the current party sustains and embraces the values of the historical one.
In 2005, the party organized a march "for family values" as a reaction to the Bucharest GayFest pride parade. The party is opposed to the legalisation of same-sex marriage, even though Octavian Petrovici, the vice-president of the party's Bucharest division, stated that the party "respects the choice" of same-sex couples.
http://www.partidulconservator.ro/

Parliamentary groupNational minorities
Deputies18
Information for the party


Parliamentary groupAlliance "Justice and Truth PNL-PD"
Deputies0
Information for the partyOnly in the Senate.




Senat
faction: 332
Chaiperson: Nicolae Văcăroiu


factionRomanian Party of Social Democracy
senators43
factionNational Liberal Party
senators0
factionDemocratic Party
senators0
factionIndependent
senators5
factionGreat Romania Party
senators18
factionDemocratic Union of Hungarians in Romania
senators10
factionConservative Party
senators11
factionNational minorities
senators0
factionAlliance "Justice and Truth PNL-PD"
senators50